For this author, in the exclusive case of Brazil, it has enough water for the attendance of the basic necessities, also in the half-barren region, being enough the substitution of the traditionally used procedures for that they are more efficient in the direction to minimize the current indices of consumption. This decision and option for the use most efficient of the natural resources in general and the water in particular must be given in integrated way and associate to the instruments of management in all the competent levels. Thus it will only be possible to reach a platform that makes possible an adequacy of offers and of the demand with sights to the rational use of this so precious resource. In accordance with the degradation of the hdricos resources in the state of the Paraba shows to the pluviomtrica scarcity of the last years, practical of the irrigation in the hidrogrfica microbasin of the Epitcio Dam the Person, city of Big hole, was interrupted, had to the low fact, water level that generated economic problems evidenced by the reduction of capital that circulated in the city, increasing the social problems in the agricultural zone and forcing many agriculturists to abandon its lands and families and to search, in other regions, work chances. It is basic to observe that ambient not if manifest deterioration only for the vulnerability of the ground to the erosion, but, over all, for the use it tax. It is essential to point out that the comments of field and the visual satelitrios document analysis demonstrate, clearly, that the devastadas areas more hold ground of high fertility, that had been and/or is being intensively explored, the integrated handling of hidrogrfica basin aim at to the ambient recovery of these units, balancing ecosystems and searching the support of the natural resources you renewed, through the elaboration and application of qualitative and quantitative disgnostic..